The exhibition was opened on 13 November 2021 and will run through 15 March.
It is dedicated to the promotion of women who contributed to the development of science and technology.
“The exhibition made use of permanent exhibits from the Nikola Tesla Technical Museum and includes women that are not necessarily scientists, but professionally carried out work that is typically associated with men. Furthermore, the purpose is not to single out the contributions of individual female scientists and inventors, but to strive to give a broader perspective,” according to a press release issued on the website of the Office of the Croatian President.
The exhibition presents information and the destiny of prominent women “who broke down socially imposed barriers and made a name for themselves in male stereotype occupations, and the anonymous women to whom science is indebted.”
The exhibition shows that in the late 19th century and 20th century there was a total of 5,280 women employed in Croatia, with almost 2,000 being maids and 1,500 in trades and industry.
Between the two world wars, women accounted for 20% of those employed in industry. In textile industry, every second worker was woman, and most of those female workers were without any qualifications or with semi-qualifications and from rural areas.
In the 1970s they accounted for more than 30% employees in industry while the process of de-industrialisation in the 1990s first affected industries that employed women.
The idea of equal pay appeared in the mid-19th century, however, the pay gap still exists in corporations.
President Milanović noticed that similar pay gaps exist in the public sector too.